Tuesday 28 November 2023
Respiratory failure

Respiratory failure

Respiratory failure is a situation in which the body can not meet the requirements of tissues and organs that sufficient levels of oxygen.

Measuring the levels of oxygen in the body, is the examination of arterial blood gases.

When the level of oxygen in arterial blood is between 60 and 85 mmHg (mercury) is hypoxia

If it is below 60 mmHg there is respiratory failure

Note that the normal rate of oxygen is above 85 mmHg

The respiratory failure is divided into:

* Acute
* Years
* Type I (with normal levels of carbon dioxide)
* Type II (when accompanied by increased levels of carbon dioxide or otherwise yperkapnia)

Note that the normal price of carbon is between 35-45 mmHg

How apparent respiratory failure;

* Anxiety
* Tachycardia
* Shortness of breath
* Tachypnea
* Headache
Cyanosis *
* Mental confusion
* Sweating
* Tremor, etc.

The causes of respiratory failure

* Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
* Acute or chronic bronchitis
* Bronchial asthma
* Obstructive sleep apnea
* Obesity
* Failures of the lungs (pneumonia, pleurisy, pneumothorax, etc.)
* Damage chest wall (kyfoskoliosi etc.)
* Failures of the muscle wall
* Nervous System Damage
* Medicines
* Pulmonary embolism
* Pulmonary edema, etc.

Treatment of respiratory failure is the oxygen therapy and of course the appropriate response to the causative

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