Tuesday 28 November 2023
Sleep apnea syndrome

Syndrome of sleep apnea

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It is a syndrome that was discovered in recent years and is called: sleep apnea syndrome or sleep apnea syndrome or obstructive sleep

It is a common disorder that manifests in

* Severe snoring (it should be noted here that this syndrome occurs almost always with intense snoring, but instead the intense snoring alone does not necessarily imply syndrome)
* Recurrent episodes of stopping breathing (apnea)
* Mikroafypniseis during sleep

This destroyed the normal sleep and the patient has

* Difficulty in awakening
* Breakfast headaches
* Severe fatigue and sleepiness the day

Due to the closure of the upper airway (the same walls of the airways due to anatomy) (fig.1). Is impaired with severe and dangerous consequences, but once diagnosed, treated panta.I diagnosed with so-called "sleep study" or "polysomatokatagrafiki sleep study.

See how the red square is a closed airway and compare the respective area (green square) in a healthy person.

To learn more about the stillness syndrome, see below

Obstructive sleep sleep

The syndrome of sleep apnea (TMR) or sleep syndrome is said to be a sufficiently serious and frequent disruption to all ages and both fylon.Sychnotera but occurs in men over the age of 40. The overall effect of the population is about 4-6%.

But what is the stillness syndrome?

These recurrent episodes of breathing cessation (for we say `apnea) during ypnou.Oi sufferers have severe snoring that is interrupted by episodes apnoias.Afto is over 'the entire duration of sleep causing disturbances in blood oxygenation , heart rhythm disturbances and micro-awakenings. This destroyed the physiological structure of stillness ypnou.Ta episodes (the stopping of breathing that is) perceived by their, usually the spouse, who often startled by the interruption of breathing and have him wake up.

There are several predisposing factors such as

* The weight gain
* Familial predisposition
* Alcohol
* Nasal obstruction
* Hypertrophy of tonsils and adenoids
* Various drugs (tranquilizers, etc.)
* Skull-personal "malformations" (mikrognathia, makroglossia etc.)
* Endocrine and metabolic disorders (hypothyroidism, acromegaly, syndrome Cushing)
* Laryngomalakia
* Motor neuron disorders camera.

How manifest the TMR?

Besides the intense snoring and restless sleep in general there is also:

* Difficulty in awakening
* Breakfast headaches
* Daily fatigue and drowsiness (one of the causes of chronic fatigue syndrome)
* Impaired memory and impaired concentration of attention
* Irritability and generally changing the nature
* Sexual dysfunction-impotence

The consequences are many and serious

* Risk of sudden death during sleep
* Arterial hypertension
* Stroke
* Cardiovascular disorders
* Or traffic accidents (many of these accidents are due to the syndrome)
* Psychological and endocrine disorders

Therefore it should be diagnosed and treated early.

The diagnosis is made by so-called "polysomatokatagrafiki sleep study" or just "sleep study" where during sleep the patient in the "connected" with a special machine which records various parameters such episodes snoring, apnea and ypopnoias, blood oxygenation, heart rate, etc.. This morning we are able to know if someone is suffering from the syndrome stillness and to what extent that is similar to the therapeutic prosengisi.Teleionontas should be noted that the syndrome of sleep apnea is cured forever.

Treatment in some cases may be surgery, but usually treated with a special machine of continuous positive airway pressure (C-PAP, Fig.2), which has a mask applied to the nose of the patient (Fig.3) and blows the air pressure, resulting in the upper airway is not closed and so abolished apnea and the patient sleeps normally.

Fig.2 Fig.3

(*) We thank the captain of Å.Í. k.Lazarou John, who created the sketch

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